The number of cases of appendicitis is estimated annually at about 8.8 cases per million people. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. This is a rare disease, especially before age 5, and outstanding prior 3 years. Most of the time the diagnosis of appendicitis is relatively difficult. The exact causes of appendicitis are still unclear. It appears to be related to fecal material accumulated at Appendix causing inflammation or infection with presence of pus.
Pain begins suddenly and violently right and lower abdomen, location of the appendix. The pain radiates down the leg. It worsens when walking the efforts of coughing. Appendicitis is characterized by pain in the abdomen, lower right and right only. Pain left is not appendicitis. Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, headache, a mild fever to 38° 5C or constipation.The pain may not be at right and be more diffuse: it can occur at left, for example due to an atypical location of the appendix. The protests are not always present: for example nausea and vomiting are not always observed. If symptoms appear, do not give anything to eat or drink and call emergency doctor.
Treatments of Appendicitis:
An appendectomy is done under general anesthesia with intubation. The usual incision is made on the right flank and is only a few centimeters. Any difficulties encountered by the surgeon leads to larger incision.
The procedure involves removing the diseased appendix. The average time is 30 minutes. Postoperatively, the infusion is removed after the 6th hour. Pain yield sedated. The state nauseous with vomiting sometimes hinder operated for one or two days.
Appendectomy may be performed by laparoscopy. It is a minimally invasive appendicitis treatment. Laparoscopy often provides the key to diagnosis in these pains in the right iliac fosse and simultaneously allows treatment.
The procedure is performed under general anesthesia. The abdomen is distended by gas insufflations and the laparoscope is inserted through the umbilicus into the peritoneal cavity. It is a tube composed of optical fibers, which will allow a video camera to capture images of the inside of the abdomen. The tools are set up by tiny puncture points. The appendix is then sought, released, observed and the extraction path is then selected as desired.
The operating suites are very simple: resume gas transit within 24 hours, no scar pain and scarring.
The use of certain antibiotics can sometimes delay or replace surgery.